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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format (.docx).
  • Where available, DOIs or URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  • In Comments to the Editor you can indicate suggested and/or unwanted reviewers.

Author Guidelines

The submission must not have been previously published, or submitted simultaneously to another journal for consideration.

Authors must submit their manuscripts within the platform, using the 5 step submission process. The manuscript file must contain the main text, without the author’s name appearing under the title, in notes and references (it should be substituted with ***). Also the document’s properties must not contain the author’s name or other personal details, using the anonymizing functions provided by the different softwares (see also Ensuring a Blind Review).

The anonymous manuscript will be uploaded at step 2 of the submission process. The manuscript must comply with the guidelines in “Formatting.”

Submission metadata will be provided at step 3 of the submission process, and must include the following:

  1. For each author of the manuscript: first name and last name, email, ORCiD (recommended), personal website (if available), institutional affiliation, country, and a brief biographical note (50–100 words);

  2. Title (please use title case: principal words must start with capital letter);

  3. An abstract (150–200 words);

  4. Five keywords, separated by semicolons.


Manuscripts should range between the following lengths (including abstract, notes and references):

  • Essay: 4.500–18.000 words;
  • Essay’s comments: 750–3.000 words;
  • Symposium: max 3.750 words;
  • Focus: 3.000–7.500 words;
  • Reviews: 750–2.000 words.


Submission files should be in Microsoft Word file format, or equivalent formats.

The text should be double-spaced and use a 12-point font (Times New Roman).

Paragraph titles should be numbered using the Arabic numeral system. Numbering must have a maximum of two levels. Titles must be formatted using the appropriate heading style.

Notes should be limited and collected at the end of the text. Short quotations (<40 words) should be enclosed in double quotation marks (“ ”) and run on with the main text. For a quotation within a quotation, single quotation marks should be used (‘ ’). Longer quotations (>40 words) should be separated by a single line break before and a single line break after the quoted text, should be indented, and should not be enclosed within quotation marks.

All the links and URL addresses in the text have to be activated and ready to click. They must be exclusively included in the notes or in the references section, with no alternate text (plain URL must be visible).

Articles can be written either in American English or British English, provided that the choice is consistently employed throughout the text. Articles should be formatted according to these norms. Where not otherwise specified (spelling, abbreviations, punctuations, etc.) please follow the APA Style 6th ed..


For in-text citations (Author/Date) and the reference list, APA Style 6th ed. must be used. For a comprehensive guide on the style you can refer to several resources, such as the material prepared by the Purdue Writing Lab:

Please provide in the reference list a DOI whenever available (written as full web address, with the prefix “”); when a DOI is not to be found, online resources must present their complete URL.

Romanisation of scripts other than Latin

Please use only the recognized standards. In particular:


Standard ISO 9:1995


Pinyin (ISO 7098:2015)




All illustrations, figures, and tables must be embedded in the manuscript file at the appropriate reference points, rather than at the end of the article.

Each image must have a caption with essential information and must be inserted in order of appearance, numbered in Arabic numerals.

In addition, authors are require to upload their images as supplementary files (step 4 of the submission process), stored in a specific archive (.zip) and named with two-digit numbers following the order of their appearance in the text (01.jpg, 02.png, 03.jpg, 04.tiff…).

Illustrations, preferably in .TIFF or .JPEG format, must have a resolution of 300dpi or more, and a minimum width of 1750 pixels.

Diagrams must be in PNG format.

All the images must be accompanied by captions containing basic information. Moreover, they must be inserted according to the order in which they are cited, and numbered in Arabic numerals corresponding to the names of the associated files.


Two or more images cannot be placed side by side (unless they are submitted after having been previously merged into one single image: in these cases it will be possible to insert only one caption).

The position of each image in the final PDF version of the article may vary depending on the space available for every element on each page; in articles containing many images it is therefore likely that some of them could be inserted in a different position from what initially suggested by the author.

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