Platform Studies and Digital Cultural Industries

Authors

  • Paolo Magaudda Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Education and Applied Psychology, University of Padua https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0830-8299
  • Marco Solaroli Department of the Arts, University of Bologna https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5433-1540

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.6092/issn.1971-8853/11957

Keywords:

Platform society, cultural production, music, journalism, photography, visual culture, Spotify, Instagram

Abstract

By providing a review of a number of recent and relevant publications, this paper reconstructs major trends, topics and challenges within the state of the art of scholarly research on the platformization of cultural industries, addressing the crucial role that digital platforms have acquired in recent years in the production and circulation of a variety of cultural contents. More specifically, after offering an introduction on the ways in which the study of digital platforms emerged as strictly intertwined with the evolution of certain cultural industry sectors, such as gaming and video sharing, the paper addresses in-depth three distinctive domains of cultural production and consumption: music, journalism, and photography. In so doing, the paper traces a variety of perspectives beyond the mainstream political economy-oriented focus of platform studies, suggesting emerging paths for future research on these rapidly shifting and increasingly debated issues.

References

Allan, S. (Ed.) (2017). Photojournalism and Citizen Journalism. Co-operation, Collaboration and Connectivity. New York: Routledge.

Alper, M. (2014). War on Instagram: Framing conflict photojournalism with mobile photography apps. New Media & Society, 16(8), 1233–1248. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444813504265

Anden-Papadopoulos, K., & Pantti, M. (Eds.) (2011). Amateur Images and Global News. Bristol: Intellect.

Anderson, C.W. (2011). Between creative and quantified audiences: Web metrics and changing patterns of newswork in local US newsrooms. Journalism, 12(5), 550–566. https://doi.org/10.1177/1464884911402451

Anderson, C.W. (2020). From value to values, from field to discipline: Understanding journalistic culture in the 21st century. Sociologica, 14(2), 93–100. https://doi.org/10.6092/issn.1971-8853/11516

Barnhurst, K.G., & Nerone, J.C. (2001). The Form of News. A History. New York: Guilford.

Bell, E., Owen, T. (with Brown, P., Hauka, C., & Rashidian, N.) (2017). The Platform Press. How Silicon Valley Reengineered Journalism. Tow Center for Digital Journalism – Columbia University.

Benson, R., & Neveu, E. (Eds.) (2005). Bourdieu and the Journalistic Field. Cambridge: Polity.

Belair-Gagnon V., & Holton, A.E. (2018). Boundary work, interloper media, and analytics in newsrooms: An analysis of the roles of web analytics companies in news production. Digital Journalism, 6(4), 492–508. https://doi.org/10.1080/21670811.2018.1445001

Boczkowski, P., & Anderson, C.W. (Eds.) (2014). Remaking the News. Essays on the Future of Journalism Scholarship in the Digital Age. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Bonini, T., & Gandini, A. (2019). “First week is editorial, second week is algorithmic”: Platform gatekeepers and the platformization of music curation. Social Media + Society, 5(4). https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305119880006

Borges-Rey, E. (2015). News images on Instagram. Digital Journalism, 3(4), 571–593. https://doi.org/10.1080/21670811.2015.1034526

Bourdieu, P. (Ed.) (1965/1990). Photography. A Middle-brow Art. Cambridge: Polity.

Bourdieu, P. (1995/2005). The Political Field, The Social Science Field, and the Journalistic Field. In R. Benson, & E. Neveu (Eds.), Bourdieu and the Journalistic Field (pp. 29–47). Cambridge: Polity.

Caldeira, S.P., De Ridder, S., & Van Bauwel, S. (2018). Exploring the politics of gender representation on Instagram: Self-representations of femininity. DiGeSt. Journal of Diversity and Gender Studies, 5(1), 23–42. https://doi.org/10.11116/digest.5.1.2

Caliandro, A., & Graham, (2020). Studying Instagram beyond selfies. Social Media + Society, 6(2). https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305120924779

Caplan, R., & boyd, d. (2018). Isomorphism through algorithms: Institutional dependencies in the case of Facebook. Big Data & Society, 5(1). https://doi.org/10.1177/2053951718757253

Carlson, M. (2018a). Confronting measurable journalism. Digital Journalism, 6(4), 406–417. https://doi.org/10.1080/21670811.2018.1445003

Carlson, M. (2018b). Automating judgment? Algorithmic judgment, news knowledge, and journalistic professionalism. New Media & Society, 20(5), 1755–1772. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444817706684

Carlson, M. (2019). News algorithms, photojournalism and the assumption of mechanical objectivity in journalism. Digital Journalism, 7(8), 1117–1133. https://doi.org/10.1080/21670811.2019.1601577

Cherubini, F., & Nielsen, R.K. (2016). Editorial Analytics: How News Media are Developing and Using Audience Data and Metrics. Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism – University of Oxford.

Chouliaraki, L. (2017). Symbolic bordering: The self-representation of migrants and refugees in digital news. Popular Communication, 15(2), 78–94. https://doi.org/10.1080/15405702.2017.1281415

Christin, A. (2020). Metrics at Work: Journalism and the Contested Meaning of Algorithms. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Christin, A., & Petre, C. (2020). Making peace with metrics: Relational work in online news production. Sociologica, 14(2), 133–156. https://doi.org/10.6092/issn.1971-8853/11178

Clark, J., Couldry, N., De Kosnik, A., Gillespie, T., Jenkins, H., Kelty, C., Papacharissi, Z., Powell, A., & Van Dijck, J. (2014). Participations: Dialogues on the Participatory Promise of Contemporary Culture and Politics. Part 5: Platforms. International Journal of Communication, 8, 1446–1473. Retrieved from: https://ijoc.org/index.php/ijoc/article/view/2905/1143

Couldry, N., & Mejias, U. (2019). The Costs of Connection. How Data is Colonizing Human Life and Appropriating it for Capitalism. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Custodio, A. (2020). Who Are You? Nintendo’s Game Boy Advance Platform. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Dahmen, N.S., & Morrison, D.D. (2016). Place, space, time: Media gatekeeping and iconic imagery in the digital and social media age. Digital Journalism, 4(5), 658–678. https://doi.org/10.1080/21670811.2015.1081073

DiMaggio, J., & Powell, W. (1983). The iron cage revisited: Institutional isomorphism and collective rationality in organizational fields. American Sociological Review, 48(2), 147–160. https://doi.org/10.2307/2095101

Duffy, B.E., Poell, T., & Nieborg, D.B. (2019). Platform practices in the cultural industries: Creativity, labor, and citizenship. Social Media + Society, 5(4). https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305119879672

Duguay, S. (2018). Social media’s breaking news: The logic of automation in Facebook Trending Topics and Twitter Moments. Media International Australia, 166(1), 20–33. https://doi.org/10.1177/1329878X17737407

Eckel, J., Ruchatz, J., & Wirth, S. (Eds.) (2018). Exploring the Selfie. Historical, Theoretical, and Analytical Approaches to Digital Self-Photography. London: Palgrave.

Eriksson, M., Fleischer, R., Johansson, A., Snickars, P., & Vonderau, P. (2019). Spotify Teardown. Inside the Black Box of Streaming Music. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Faulkner, S., Vis, F., & D’Orazio, F. (2018). Analysing Social Media Images. In J. Burgess, A. Marwick, & T. Poell (Eds.), The Sage Handbook of Social Media (pp. 160–178). London: Sage.

Frosh, P. (2020). Photography as a Cultural Industry: A Historical-Theoretical Overview. In G. Pasternak (Ed.), The Handbook of Photography Studies (pp. 255–272). New York: Routledge.

Gibbs, M., Meese, J., Arnold, M., Nansen, B., & Carter, M. (2015). Funeral and Instagram: Death, social media, and platform vernacular. Information, Communication & Society, 18(3), 255–268. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369118X.2014.987152

Gillespie, T. (2010). The politics of “platforms”. New Media & Society, 12(3), 347–364. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444809342738

Gillespie, T. (2014). The Relevance of Algorithms. In T. Gillespie, P. Boczkowski, & K. Foot (Eds.), Media Technologies: Essays on Communication, Materiality, and Society (pp. 167–194). Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Gillespie, T. (2018). Custodians of the Internet: Platforms, Content Moderation, and the Hidden Decisions that Shape Social Media. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press.

Gillespie, T. (2020). Content moderation, AI, and the question of scale. Big Data & Society, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.1177/2053951720943234

Gunthert, A. (2014). The conversational image: New uses of digital photography. Études photographiques, 31. Retrieved from: http://journals.openedition.org/etudesphotographiques/3546

Hadida, A.L., Lampel, J., Walls, W.D., & Joshi, A. (2020). Hollywood studio filmmaking in the age of Netflix: A tale of two institutional logics. Journal of Cultural Economics, 1–26. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10824-020-09379-z

Hand, M. (2012). Ubiquitous Photography. Cambridge: Polity.

Hansen, E. (2020). Disrupting the News. Sociologica, 14(2), 175–199. https://doi.org/10.6092/issn.1971-8853/11177

Hariman, R., & Lucaites, J.L. (2018). Predicting the present: Iconic photographs and public culture in the digital media environment. Journalism & Communication Monographs, 20(4), 318–324. https://doi.org/10.1177/1522637918803354

Helmond, A. (2015). The platformization of the web: Making web data platform ready. Social Media + Society, 1(2). https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305115603080

Hesmondhalgh, D., Jones, E., & Rauh, A. (2019). SoundCloud and Bandcamp as alternative music platforms. Social Media + Society, 5(4). https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305119883429

Highfield, T., & Leaver, T. (2016). Instagrammatics and digital methods: Studying visual social media, from selfies and GIFs to memes and emoji. Communication Research and Practice, 2(1), 47–62. https://doi.org/10.1080/22041451.2016.1155332

Hindman, M. (2018). The Internet Trap: How The Digital Economy Builds Monopolies and Undermines Democracy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Jerslev, A., & Mortensen, M. (2016). What is the self in the celebrity selfie? Celebrification, phatic communication and performativity. Celebrity Studies, 7(2), 249–263. https://doi.org/10.1080/19392397.2015.1095644

Jones, S.E., & Thiruvathukal, G.K. (2012). Codename Revolution. The Nintendo Wii Platform. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Jurgenson, N. (2019). The Social Photo. On Photography and Social Media. London: Verso.

Karadimitriou, A., & Veneti, A. (2016). Political Selfies: Image Events in the New Media Field. In A. Karatzogianni, D. Nguyen, & A. Serra (Eds.), The Digital Transformation of the Public Sphere: Conflict, Migration, Crisis, and Culture in Digital Networks (pp. 321–340). London: Palgrave.

Koliska, M., & Roberts, J. (2015). Selfies: Witnessing and participatory journalism with a point of view. International Journal of Communication, 9, 1672–1685. https://ijoc.org/index.php/ijoc/article/viewFile/3149/1392

Larsson, A.O. (2018). The news user on social media: A comparative study of interacting with media organizations on Facebook and Instagram. Journalism Studies, 19(15), 2225–2242. https://doi.org/10.1080/1461670X.2017.1332957

Leaver, T., Highfield, T., & Abidin, C. (2020). Instagram. Cambridge: Polity.

Lindholm, J., Carlson, T., Högväg, J. (2020). See me, like me! Exploring viewers’ visual attention to and trait perceptions of party leaders on Instagram. The International Journal of Press/Politics, 26(1). https://doi.org/10.1177/1940161220937239

Lobato, R. (2019). Netflix Nations: The Geography of Digital Distribution. New York: NYU Press.

Locatelli, E. (2017). Images of breastfeeding on Instagram: Self-representation, publicness, and privacy management. Social Media + Society, 3(2). https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305117707190

MacDowall, L. (2019). Instafame. Graffiti and Street Art in the Instagram Era. Bristol: Intellect.

Magaudda. P. (2011). When materiality “bites back”: Digital music consumption practices in the age of dematerialization. Journal of Consumer Culture, 11(1), 15–36. https://doi.org/10.1177/1469540510390499

Magaudda, P. (2018). The Future of Digital Music Infrastructures: Expectations and Promises of the Blockchain “Revolution”. In E. Mazierska, L. Gillon, & T. Rigg (Eds.), Popular Music in the Post-Digital Age: Politics, Economy, Culture and Technology (pp. 51–68.). London: Bloomsbury.

Mahnke, M.S. (2019). “Please leave my news feed alone”: Exploring user protest against algorithmic personalization. In M. Mortensen, C. Neumayer, & T. Poell (Eds.), Social Media Materialities and Protest: Critical Reflections (pp. 129–141). New York: Routledge.

Manovich, L. (2017). Instagram and Contemporary Image. Retrieved from: http://manovich.net/index.php/projects/instagram-and-contemporary-image

Manovich, L. (2020). Cultural Analytics. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Manovich, L., & Tifentale, A. (2015). Selfiecity: Exploring Photography and Self-Fashioning in Social Media. In D.M. Berry, & M. Dieter (Eds.), Postdigital Aesthetics: Art, Computation and Design (pp. 109–122). London: Palgrave.

Marshall, L. (2015). “Let’s keep music special. F-Spotify”: On-demand streaming and the controversy over artist royalties. Creative Industries Journal, 8(2), 177–189. https://doi.org/10.1080/17510694.2015.1096618

Marwick, A., & boyd, d. (2011). I tweet honestly, I tweet passionately: Twitter users, context collapse, and the imagined audience. New Media & Society, 13(1), 114–133. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444810365313

Matthews, J. (2014). Journalism. In J. Smith Maguire, & J. Matthews (Eds.), The Cultural Intermediaries Reader (pp. 145–155), London: Sage.

Meijer, I.C., & Kormelink, T.G. (2020). Changing News Use. Unchanged News Experiences?. New York: Routledge.

Montfort, N., & Bogost, I. (2009). Racing the Beam: The Atari Video Computer System. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Morris, J.W. (2015). Selling Digital Music, Formatting Culture. San Francisco: University of California Press.

Mortensen, M., Allan, S., & Peters, C. (2017). The iconic image in a digital age: Editorial mediations over the Alan Kurdi photographs. Nordicom Review, 38(2), 71–86. https://doi.org/10.1515/nor-2017-0415

Mukerjee, S., Majó-Vázquez, S., & González-Bailón, S. (2018). Networks of audience overlap in the consumption of digital news. Journal of Communication, 68(1), 26–50. https://doi.org/10.1093/joc/jqx007

Newman, N. (with Fletcher, R., Schulz, A., Andi, S., & Nielsen, R.K.) (2020). Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2020. Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism – University of Oxford.

Nieborg, D.B., Duffy, B.E., & Poell, T. (2020). Studying platforms and cultural production: Methods, institutions, and practices. Social Media + Society, 6(3). https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305120943273

Nieborg, D.B., & Poell, T. (2018). The platformization of cultural production: Theorizing the contingent cultural commodity. New Media & Society, 20(11), 4275–4292. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444818769694

Nielsen, R.K., & Ganter S.A. (2018). Dealing with digital intermediaries: A case study of the relations between publishers and platforms. New Media & Society, 20(4), 1600–1617. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444817701318

O’Meara, V. (2019). Weapons of the chic: Instagram influencer engagement pods as practices of resistance to Instagram platform labor. Social Media + Society., 5(4). https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305119879671

Paulussen, S., Harder, R.A., & Johnson, M. (2017). Facebook and News Journalism. In B. Franklin, & S.A. Eldridge II (Eds.), The Routledge Companion to Digital Journalism Studies (pp. 427–443). New York: Routledge.

Pearce, W., Ozkula, S.M., Greene, A.K., Teeling, L., Bansard, J.S., Omena, J.J., & Rabello, E.T. (2020). Visual cross-platform analysis: Digital methods to research social media images. Information, Communication & Society, 23(2), 161–180. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369118X.2018.1486871

Peraica, A. (2017). Culture of the Selfie: Self-Representation in Contemporary Visual Culture. Amsterdam: Institute of Network Cultures.

Peters, C., & Broersma, M. (Eds.) (2016). Rethinking Journalism Again: Societal Role and Public Relevance in a Digital Age. London: Taylor & Francis.

Peters, C., & Broersma, M. (2019). Fusion cuisine: A functional approach to interdisciplinary cooking in journalism studies. Journalism, 20(5), 660–669. https://doi.org/10.1177/1464884918760671

Peters, C., & Carlson, M. (Eds.) (2019). Conceptualizing change in journalism studies: Why change at all? Journalism, 20(5), 637–641. https://doi.org/10.1177/1464884918760674

Peters, C., & Witschge, T. (2015). From grand narratives of democracy to small expectations of participation. Journalism Practice, 9(1), 19–34. https://doi.org/10.1080/17512786.2014.928455

Petre, C. (2018). Engineering Consent: How the design and marketing of newsroom analytics tools rationalize journalists’ labor. Digital Journalism, 6(4), 509–527. https://doi.org/10.1080/21670811.2018.1444998

Petre, C., Duffy, B.E., & Hund E. (2019). “Gaming the system”: Platform paternalism and the politics of algorithmic visibility. Social Media + Society, 5(4). https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305119879995

Picone, I. (2016). Grasping the digital news user: Conceptual and methodological advances in news use studies. Digital Journalism, 4(1), 125–141. https://doi.org/10.1080/21670811.2015.1096616

Poell, T. (2020). Three challenges for media studies in the age of platforms. Television & New Media, 21(6), 650–657. https://doi.org/10.1177/1527476420918833

Poell, T., Nieborg, D.B., & Duffy, B.E. (2021) Platforms and Cultural Production. Cambridge: Polity.

Poindexter, P. (2012). Millennials, News and Social Media: Is Social Engagement a Thing of the Past?. New York: Peter Lang.

Prey, R. (2016). Musica Analytica: The Datafication of Listening. In R. Nowak, & A. Whelan (Eds.), Networked Music Cultures (pp. 31–48). New York: Palgrave MacMillan.

Prey, R. (2020). Locating power in platformization: Music streaming playlists and curatorial power. Social Media + Society, 6(2). https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305120933291

Rashidian, N., Tsiveriotis, G., & Brown, P. (with Bell, E., & Hartstone, A.) (2019). Platforms and Publishers. The End of an Era. Tow Center for Digital Journalism – Columbia University.

Rogers, R. (2018). Otherwise engaged: Social media from vanity metrics to critical analytics. International Journal of Communication, 12, 450–472. Retrieved from: https://ijoc.org/index.php/ijoc/article/viewFile/6407/2248

Salter, A., & Murray, J. (2014). Flash. Building the Interactive Web. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Schiffrin, A. (Ed.) (2021). Media Capture. How Money, Digital Platforms, and Governments Control the News. New York: Columbia University Press.

Senft, T.M., & Baym, N.K. (2015). What does the selfie say? Investigating a global phenomenon. International Journal of Communication, 9, 1588–1606. https://ijoc.org/index.php/ijoc/article/viewFile/4067/1387

Serafinelli, E. (2016). Italian Migrants and Photo Sharing Practices in the UK. In E. Serafinelli, A. Karatzogianni, & D. Nguyen (Eds.), The Digital Transformation of the Public Sphere: Conflict, Migration, Crisis, and Culture in Digital Networks (pp. 341–361). London: Palgrave.

Serafinelli, E. (2018). Digital Life on Instagram. New Social Communication of Photography. Bingley: Emerald.

Siles, I., Espinoza-Rojas, J., Naranjo, A., & Tristán, M.F. (2019). The mutual domestication of users and algorithmic recommendations on Netflix. Communication, Culture & Critique, 12(4), 499–518. https://doi.org/10.1093/ccc/tcz025

Siles, I., Segura-Castillo, A., Solís, R., & Sancho, M. (2020). Folk theories of algorithmic recommendations on Spotify: Enacting data assemblages in the global South. Big Data & Society, 7(1). https://doi.org/10.1177/2053951720923377

Solaroli, M. (2015a). Toward a new visual culture of the news: Professional photojournalism, digital post-production, and the symbolic struggle for distinction. Digital Journalism, 3(4), 513–532. https://doi.org/10.1080/21670811.2015.1034523

Solaroli, M. (2015b). Iconicity: A category for social and cultural theory. Sociologica, 9(1), 1–51. https://doi.org/10.2383/80391

Solaroli, M. (2017). News Photography and the Digital (R)evolution: Continuity and Change in the Practices, Styles, Norms and Values of Photojournalism. In J. Tong & S.-H. Lo (Eds.), Digital Technology and Journalism. An International Comparative Perspective (pp. 47–70). London: Palgrave.

Stark. D. (Ed.) (2020). The Performance Complex. Competition and Competitions in Social Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Stark, D., & Paravel, V. (2008). PowerPoint in public: Digital technologies and the new morphology of demonstration. Theory, Culture & Society, 25(5), 30–55. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0263276408095215

Steen-Johnsen, K., Ihlebaek, K., & Enjolras, B. (2016). News on New Platforms: Norwegian Journalists Face the Digital Age. In J. Alexander, E. Breese, & M. Luengo (Eds.), The Crisis of Journalism Reconsidered. Democratic Culture, Professional Codes, Digital Future (pp. 190–208). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sterne, J. (2012). MP3: The Meaning of a Format. Durham: Duke University Press.

Thurman, N., Lewis, S.C., & Kunert, J. (2019). Algorithms, automation, and news. Digital Journalism, 7(8), 980–992. https://doi.org/10.1080/21670811.2019.1685395

Tiidenberg, K. (2018). Selfies. Why We Love (and Hate) Them. Bingley: Emerald.

Tong, J., & Lo, S.-H. (Eds.) (2017). Digital Technology and Journalism. An International Comparative Perspective. London: Palgrave.

Towner, T.L., & Munoz, C.L. (2020). Instagramming issues: Agenda setting during the 2016 presidential campaign. Social Media + Society, 6(2). https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305120940803

Treré, E., Natale, S., Keightley, E., & Punathambekar, A. (2020). The limits and boundaries of digital disconnection. Media, Culture & Society, 42(4), 605–609. https://doi.org/10.1177/0163443720922054

Turow, J., & Couldry, N. (2018). Media as data extraction: Towards a new map of a transformed communications field. Journal of Communication, 68(2), 415–423. https://doi.org/10.1093/joc/jqx011

Usher, N. (2013). Al Jazeera English online: Understanding web metrics and news production when a quantified audience is not a commodified audience. Digital Journalism, 1(3), 335–351. https://doi.org/10.1080/21670811.2013.801690

Van Dijck, J. (2008). Digital photography: Communication, identity, memory. Visual Communication, 7(1), 57–76. https://doi.org/10.1177/1470357207084865

Van Dijck, J., Poell, T., & De Waal, M. (2018). The Platform Society: Public Values in a Connective World. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Vonderau, P. (2019). The Spotify effect: Digital distribution and financial growth. Television & New Media, 20(1), 3–19. https://doi.org/10.1177/1527476417741200

Wahl-Jorgensen, K. (2020). An emotional turn in journalism studies? Digital Journalism, 8(2), 175–194. https://doi.org/10.1080/21670811.2019.1697626

Waisbord, S. (2019). The 5Ws and 1H of digital journalism. Digital Journalism, 7(3), 351–358. https://doi.org/10.1080/21670811.2018.1545592

Wang, Q. (2018). Dimensional field theory. The adoption of audience metrics in the journalistic field and cross-field influences. Digital Journalism, 6(4), 472–491. https://doi.org/10.1080/21670811.2017.1397526

Warfield, K., Cambre, C., & Abidin, C. (2016). Introduction to the Social Media + Society special issue on selfies: Me-diated inter-faces. Social Media + Society, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305116641344

Zelizer, B. (2019). Why journalism is about more than digital technology. Digital Journalism, 7(3), 343–350. https://doi.org/10.1080/21670811.2019.1571932

Zuboff, S. (2019). The Age of Surveillance Capitalism. The Fight for a Human Future at the New Frontier of Power. London: Profile.

Downloads

Published

2021-01-29

How to Cite

Magaudda, P., & Solaroli, M. (2021). Platform Studies and Digital Cultural Industries. Sociologica, 14(3), 267-293. https://doi.org/10.6092/issn.1971-8853/11957