Mixed Embeddedness Revisited: A Conclusion to the Symposium

Robert C. Kloosterman, Jan Rath


This essay concludes the Symposium on the mixed embeddedness approach to migrant entrepreneurship by briefly outlining the development of mixed embeddedness, reflecting on its position within the international field of migrant entrepreneurship research, and by highlighting its key elements. We first discuss how the mixed embeddedness approach came into being. Thereafter we highlight the basic components of the approach and we argue why such an approach should be preferred to other, more mono-causal approaches. Our contribution concludes by pointing to the adjustments that the approach has undergone since its introduction in the late 1990s.


migrant entrepreneurship; urban economies; mixed embeddedness; institutions


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DOI: 10.6092/issn.1971-8853/8625


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