Practice Theories and the "Circuit of Culture": Integrating Approaches for Studying Material Culture

Emanuela Mora, Eleonora Noia, Valentina Turrini

Abstract


The paper compares two heuristic tools to understand how practice theory could be used to study the phenomena of material culture: the one summarized by Shove et Al. (2012) in The Dynamics of Social Practice: Everyday Life and How It Changes and the “circuit of culture” proposed by Paul Du Gay et Al. in Doing Cultural Studies. The Case of the Sony Walkman (1997). The aim of the article is to test the possibility to integrate the use of these two tools. In order to fulfil this purpose, the article is comprised of two parts. The first part illustrates how the two heuristic tools are compatible and what advantages each have over the other. In the second part, both heuristic tools will be applied to explore two case studies, one regarding a technological artefact and another one regarding a type of agricultural practice.

Keywords


Material culture; Circuit of culture; Practice theory; Haptic interfaces; Farmer agriculture

References


Alkemeyer, T., & Buschmann, N. (2017). Learning in and across Practices. Enablement as Subjectivation. In A. Hui, T.R. Schatzki & E. Shove (Eds.), The Nexus of Practices: Connections, Constellations, Practitioners (1st ed.) (pp. 8–23). London & New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.

Appadurai, A. (Ed.). (1986). The Social Life of Things: Commodities in Cultural Perspective. Cambridge (Cambridgeshire) & New York: Cambridge University Press.

Barbera, F., Dagnes, J., Salento, A., & Spina, F. (Eds.). (2016). Il Capitale Quotidiano: Un Manifesto per l’Economia Fondamentale. Roma: Donzelli.

Bertell, L. (2016). Lavoro Ecoautonomo: Dalla Sostenibilità del Lavoro alla Praticabilità della Vita. Milano: Elèuthera.

Bertell, L., & Aime, M. (Eds.). (2013). Davide e Golia: La Primavera delle Economie Diverse (GAS, DES, RES). Milano: Jaca Book.

Bostrom, N. (2014). Why I Want to Be a Posthuman When I Grow Up. In R.L. Sandler (Ed.), Ethics and Emerging Technologies (pp. 218–234). London: Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137349088_15

Brombin, A. (2015). Faces of Sustainability in Italian Ecovillages: Food as “Contact Zone.” International Journal of Consumer Studies, 39(5), 468–477. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijcs.12225

Buttitta, I. (2006). I Morti e il Grano: Tempi del Lavoro e Ritmi della Festa. Roma: Meltemi.

Caillavet, F., Guyomard, H., & Lifran, R. (Eds.). (1994). Agricultural Household Modelling and Family Economics. Amsterdam & New York: Elsevier.

Castells, M. (2009). The Rise of the Network Society (1st ed.). Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781444319514

Corrado, A. (2010). New Peasantries and Alternative Agro-food Networks: The Case of Réseau Semences Paysannes. In A. Bonanno, H. Bakker, R. Jussaume, Y. Kawamura, & M. Shucksmith (Eds.), Research in Rural Sociology and Development, Vol. 16 (pp. 17–30). Bingley, UK: Emerald. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1057-1922(2010)0000016005

Culbertson, H., Schorr, S.B., & Okamura, A.M. (2018). Haptics: The Present and Future of Artificial Touch Sensation. Annual Review of Control, Robotics, and Autonomous Systems, 1(1), 385–409. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-control-060117-105043

De Certeau, M., & Rendall, S. (1984). The Practice of Everyday Life. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Douglas, M., & Isherwood, B. (1996). The World of Goods. London: Routledge. Retrieved from http://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=170084

du Gay, P., Hall, S., Janes, L., Madsen, A.K., Mackay, H., & Negus, K. (Eds). (1997). Doing Cultural Studies: The Story of the Sony Walkman. London & Thousand Oaks (California): Sage, in association with The Open University.

du Gay, P., Hall, S., Janes, L., Madsen, A.K., Mackay, H., & Negus, K. (Eds). (2013). Doing Cultural Studies: The Story of the Sony Walkman. London & Thousand Oaks (California): Sage, in association with The Open University.

Grivins, M., Keech, D., Kunda, I., & Tisenkopfs, T. (2017). Bricolage for Self-Sufficiency: An Analysis of Alternative Food Networks: Bricolage for Self-Sufficiency. Sociologia Ruralis, 57(3), 340–356. https://doi.org/10.1111/soru.12171

Hall, S., & Du Gay, P. (Eds.). (1996). Questions of Cultural Identity. London & Thousand Oaks (California): Sage.

Hall, S., Evans, J., & Nixon, S. (Eds.). (2013). Representation (2nd ed.). Los Angeles: Milton Keynes; United Kingdom: Sage & The Open University.

Hicks, D., & Beaudry, M.C. (Eds.). (2010). The Oxford Handbook of Material Culture Studies. Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press.

Hui, A., Schatzki, T.R., & Shove, E. (Eds.). (2017). The Nexus of Practices: Connections, Constellations, Practitioners (1st ed.). London & New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.

Ingram, J., Shove, E., & Watson, M. (2007). Products and Practices: Selected Concepts from Science and Technology Studies and from Social Theories of Consumption and Practice. Design Issues, 23(2), 3–16. https://doi.org/10.1162/desi.2007.23.2.3

Latour, B. (1990). Technology is Society Made Durable. The Sociological Review, 38(1 suppl.), 103–131. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-954X.1990.tb03350.x

Leve, A.M. (2012). The Circuit of Culture as a Generative Tool of Contemporary Analysis: Examining the Construction of an Education Commodity. Joint AARE APERA International Conference, Sydney.

Lu, T. (2016). Design and Realization of a Desktop Micro-Manipulation Cobotic Platform (Ph.D. Dissertation). Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, Paris.

Miller, D. (2010). Stuff. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Monteiro, E., & Hanseth, O. (1996). Social Shaping of Information Infrastructure: On Being Specific about the Technology. In W.J. Orlikowski, G. Walsham, M.R. Jones, & J.I. Degross (Eds.), Information Technology and Changes in Organizational Work (pp. 325–343). London: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-34872-8_20

Nicolini, D. (2013). Practice Theory, Work, and Organization: An Introduction (1st Ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Nigh, R., & González Cabañas, A.A. (2015). Reflexive Consumer Markets as Opportunities for New Peasant Farmers in Mexico and France: Constructing Food Sovereignty Through Alternative Food Networks. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 39(3), 317–341. https://doi.org/10.1080/21683565.2014.973545

Polanyi, M. (1966). The Tacit Dimension. Garden City, New York: Doubleday.

Reckwitz, A. (2002). Toward a Theory of Social Practices: A Development in Culturalist Theorizing. European Journal of Social Theory, 5(2), 243–263. https://doi.org/10.1177/13684310222225432

Reckwitz, A. (2017). Practices and Their Affects. In A. Hui, T.R. Schatzki & E. Shove (Eds.), The Nexus of Practices: Connections, Constellations, Practitioners (1st ed.) (pp. 114–125). London & New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.

Sakr, S., Daunizeau, T., Reversat, D., Regnier, S., & Haliyo, S. (2018). A Handheld Master Device for 3D Remote Micro-Manipulation. 2018 International Conference on Manipulation, Automation and Robotics at Small Scales (MARSS), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1109/MARSS.2018.8481194

Schäfer, M., Hielscher, S., Haas, W., Hausknost, D., Leitner, M., Kunze, I., & Mandl, S. (2018). Facilitating Low-Carbon Living? A Comparison of Intervention Measures in Different Community-Based Initiatives. Sustainability, 10(4), 1047. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10041047

Schatzki, T.R. (1996). Social Practices: A Wittgensteinian Approach to Human Activity and the Social. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Schatzki, T.R. (2002). The Site of the Social: A Philosophical Account of the Constitution of Social Life and Change. University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Press.

Schatzki, T.R. (2017). Sayings, Texts and Discursive Formations. In A. Hui, T.R. Schatzki & E. Shove (Eds.), The Nexus of Practices: Connections, Constellations, Practitioners (1st ed.) (pp. 126–140). London & New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.

Schatzki, T.R., Knorr-Cetina, K., & Savigny, E. von (Eds.). (2001). The Practice Turn in Contemporary Theory. New York: Routledge.

Shove, E., Pantzar, M., & Watson, M. (2012). The Dynamics of Social Practice: Everyday Life and How It Changes. Los Angeles: SAGE.

Spaargaren, G., Weenink, D., & Lamers, M. (Eds.). (2016). Practice Theory and Research: Exploring the Dynamics of Social Life. London & New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.

Spurling, N., Shove, E., McMeekin, A., Southerton, D., & Welch, D. (2013). Interventions in Practice: Re-framing Policy Approaches to Consumer Behaviour. Sustainable Practices Research Group Report.

Suchman, L., Trigg, R., & Blomberg, J. (2002). Working Artefacts: Ethnomethods of the Prototype. British Journal of Sociology, 53(2), 163–179. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071310220133287

Thompson, K. (Ed.). (1997). Media and Cultural Regulation. London & Thousand Oaks (California): Milton Keynes: Sage Publications & Open University.

Tilley, C.Y. (Ed.). (2013). Handbook of Material Culture (1st ed). London: Sage.

Van der Ploeg, J.D. (2018). I Contadini e l’Arte dell’Agricoltura. Un Manifesto Chayanoviano. Turin: Rosenberg & Sellier.

Viteritti, A. (2012). Sociomaterial Assemblages in Learning Scientific Practice: Margherita’s First PCR. TECNOSCIENZA: Italian Journal of Science & Technology Studies, 3(1), 29–-48.

Warde, A. (2005). Consumption and Theories of Practice. Journal of Consumer Culture, 5(2), 131–-153. https://doi.org/10.1177/1469540505053090

Warde, A., & Welch, D. (2017). How Should We Understand “General Understandings”? In A. Hui, T.R. Schatzki & E. Shove (Eds.), The Nexus of Practices: Connections, Constellations, Practitioners (1st ed.) (pp. 183–196). London & New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.

Watson, M. (2008). The Materials of Consumption. Journal of Consumer Culture, 8(1), 5–10. https://doi.org/10.1177/1469540507085668

Watson, M. (2017). Placing Power in Practice Theory. In A. Hui, T.R. Schatzki & E. Shove (Eds.), The Nexus of Practices: Connections, Constellations, Practitioners (1st ed.) (pp. 169–182). London & New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.

Wilbur, A. (2013). Growing a Radical Ruralism: Back-to-the-Land as Practice and Ideal: Growing a Radical Ruralism. Geography Compass, 7(2), 149–160. https://doi.org/10.1111/gec3.12023

Williams, R. (1973). The Long Revolution (1965). Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.

Wilson, M. (2003). Rhetoric of Enrollment and Acts of Resistance: Information Technology as Text. In E.H. Wynn, E.A. Whitley, M.D. Myers, & J.I. Degross (Eds.), Global and Organizational Discourse About Information Technology (pp. 225–248). Boston, MA: Springer.

Woodward, I. (2007). Understanding Material Culture. Los Angeles: Sage Publications.




DOI: 10.6092/issn.1971-8853/9531

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Emanuela Mora, Eleonora Noia, Valentina Turrini

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.